Category Archives: Immigration Law – News, Recent Rulings and Victories

When Opportunity Knocks, Answer the Door

For the last 10 years, the people have waited. Waited for Congress to provide a solution for the millions in need of immigration reform. Families have waited. Businesses have waited. And yet, still, nothing. It is unlikely that relief is coming any time soon.

The reality is that there is no simple solution to the immigration law controversy. The world is facing a refugee crisis that includes millions of people who cannot return home. Gangs, poverty, extremists and corruption become inescapable shadows for a people searching for a safe haven. Despite the humanitarian emergency, countries struggle to find answers.

In the US, immigration has always been an issue that is used by politicians to divide. Each generation of immigrants that arrives, rushes to try and pull the bridge up behind them. Despite being a nation of immigrants, the US is at constant war with its identity. The reasons behind this disharmony are deeply rooted and complicated.  And yet, when opportunity knocks, even ever so softly, so many fail to answer the door.

In 2012, frustrated with yet another stalled Immigration bill, the President mandated that certain people who were brought to the US as children, if they met the criteria, be shielded from the threat of deportation. This relief, commonly referred to “DACA”, guaranteed work authorization and an opportunity for a stable life. With the ability to obtain work, a social security card and a driver’s license, it gave DACA eligible individuals their identity.

Over half a million people came out of the shadows into the light. Contributing to the economy and their communities, they finally had a tangible glimmer of hope. And yet, so many, many more, simply did not apply. It makes little sense.

Sometimes opportunity only knocks once. The next election is about 13 months away and as the clock ticks down the Obama Presidency, the future has never been so uncertain. With so many unknowns, those who remain DACA eligible but still have not applied, need to act quickly. Those who remain unsure or unconvinced, need to seek out the help of an immigration lawyer or a competent immigration law firm and seek answers.  Time is running out.  When opportunity knocks, open the door. Opportunity may just be about to leave.

Supreme Court Reverses Deportation Decision for Possessing a Sock

Court rules defendant cannot be deported for “sock” possession, supporting trend to protect lawful permanent residents from strict immigration law punishments and deportation.

On Monday June 8th Sharma-Crawford Attorneys at Law saw their legal theory and years of groundwork it invested in the Mellouli v. Lynch case justified. The Supreme Court reversed the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) decision to deport Moones Mellouli, a lawful permanent resident with deep ties in the U.S. Ginsburg, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which Roberts, C. J., and Scalia, Kennedy, Breyer, Sotomayor, and Kagan, JJ., joined. Thomas, J., filed a dissenting opinion, in which Alito, J., joined.

“My initial reaction is that The Supreme Court’s decision is a continuation of a promising trend to limit the review of conviction records, protect the due process rights of immigrants, and protect them from the often harsh punishments of immigration laws,” states Rekha Sharma-Crawford a partner in Sharma-Crawford Attorneys At Law, LLC, an immigration law firm based in Kansas City, Missouri.

Mellouli v. Lynch centered on critical legal issues: what crimes make a lawful permanent resident deportable and how a court should make that determination based on conviction records.

Moones Mellouli was facing criminal charges brought on after he was stopped for a DUI. During the booking process, police allegedly found four Adderall pills located in Mellouli’s sock. He retained the service of a criminal defense attorney to assist. The criminal defense attorney, mindful that non-citizens face very different consequences than citizens when it comes to criminal charges, contacted Rekha Sharma-Crawford, and Sharma-Crawford Attorneys At Law, LLC became involved.

Mellouli, a green card holder, faced the potential for unraveling his status and life in the U.S. solely based on those four pills.

“Working with defense counsel, we worked to craft a plea agreement that was just and fair given the conduct and other mitigating factors. The prosecutor agreed. Mellouli was convicted with a single count of possession of paraphernalia, namely, his sock, a misdemeanor under Kansas law,” explains Rekha.

Based on this conviction, DHS still believed that Mellouli was subject to deportation. To be a deportable offense, the conviction must relate to a controlled substance listed on the federal list of controlled substances. But, the documents in Mellouli’s criminal case did not identify the drug type involved.

“Since Kansas has some substances on its list of controlled substance that are not on the federal list, we argued that Mellouli could not be deported, and he should be able to stay in the U.S. as a permanent resident. The immigration court did not agree,” says Rekha. “We appealed to the Board of Immigration Appeals. We lost again. Undeterred, we appealed the case to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals, the appropriate appellate court based on where the immigration court is located.”

The Eighth Circuit again sided with DHS in saying that deportation was proper for someone who was only convicted of possessing a sock so long as the sock had anything to do with a controlled substance.

Rekha states, “We did not think any these decisions were correct. We believed that given the specific language of Mr. Mellouli’s conviction and the existing case law, DHS had not met its requirements under the law. We pushed forward.”

Similar arguments have been written about and debated at length, and cases are argued often in the circuit courts of appeal. However, only 1 percent of petitions filed with the Supreme Court are accepted for oral argument. From June 30, 2011 and July 2, 2012, 7654 petitions were filed with the Supreme Court; only 66 were accepted. The Mellouli v. Lynch case, which began in a small Johnson County courtroom and experienced several defeats in lower courts, was one of the very few argued in the U.S. Supreme Court.

“Often times the cases that make the cut have been deliberately and methodically nurtured along the way. We enlisted the help of the Kate Evans at the Center for New Americans, a nonprofit organization at the University of Minnesota. Everyone worked hard, narrowing the arguments to present in the most compelling way. People and organizations around the nation wrote amicus briefs, helped edit the Supreme Court briefs and worked to prepare Jon Laramore for the argument. With so many working together, we were hopeful that the Supreme Court could be convinced to hear the case despite multiple losses,” explains Rekha.

The Supreme Court’s reversal of the DHS’s decision to deport Mr. Mellouli for sock possession supports the trend to protect lawful permanent residents from strict immigration law punishments and deportation. While the ruling of the case’s outcome was positive, the fact that the case made it all the way to the Supreme Court after so many defeats is a victory on its own and for immigrants.