Category Archives: Immigration Law – News, Recent Rulings and Victories

Know Your Rights in Case of an ICE Raid / Conozca sus derechos en caso de una redada de ICE

Under the direction of President Trump’s Administration, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) reportedly plans to direct immigration officers to arrest and detain undocumented individuals throughout the U.S. Under the administration’s executive orders, many undocumented individuals could be considered priorities for arrest and detention. There are already reports of increased arrests and activity by ICE. Individuals with prior deportation orders, criminal convictions or even pending criminal cases are especially at risk of being arrested and detained. Based on the language from the current administration, we expect ICE raids at houses and work places to increase.

Bajo la dirección del nuevo Presidente Donald Trump, la Administración ,Servicio de Inmigración y Control de Aduanas (ICE) tienen planeado dirigir las funciones de inmigración para arrestar y detener a personas indocumentadas en todo los EE.UU. la administración de órdenes ejecutivas, muchos indocumentados podrían ser considerados prioritarios por arresto y la detenciones hay informes de un aumento de las detenciones y la actividad por el ice

If you or someone you know is undocumented, be prepared for these increased arrests and raids and understand your rights:

Si usted es indocumentado y tiene familiares y conocidos en la misma situación se les recomienda estar informados acerca de los nuevos arrestos y redadas de ICE. De igual manera usted debe saber sus derechos:

  • If officers come to your home, do not open the door. First, ask the officers (through the door) to show you their identification AND a warrant. If they do not have a warrant, do not open your door! Even if they say they have a warrant, do not open the door. Ask for the warrant to be slipped under the door for you to inspect. If there is a warrant, try to determine if it is a warrant for your arrest, or is a warrant to search your home. ICE is not allowed to enter your home without a search warrant, issued by a court. If they do not have a warrant, we recommend that you do NOT open your door, and do NOT give them permission to enter – if you let them enter without a warrant, you lose some of your rights.. If they do have a warrant that allows them to search your property, you must let them in; if they have an arrest warrant but not a search warrant, you may want to go outside to meet them – you do not have to let them into your home, and you do not have to let them search you or your homes
  • Si los oficiales vienen a su casa, no abra la puerta. En primer lugar, pedir los oficiales (a través de la puerta) que le muestre su identificación y una orden de detención. Si no tienen una orden, no abra la puerta! Incluso si dicen que tienen una orden, no abra la puerta. Pregunte por la orden y que se deslizó bajo de la puerta para que lo inspeccione. Si hay un mandamiento, intente determinar si es una orden para su arresto, o es una orden de allanamiento para su hogar. (ICE) no está permitido entrar en su casa sin una orden de cateo, dictada por un tribunal. Si ellos no tienen una autorización, le recomendamos que no abren la puerta de su casa, y no les dan permiso para entrar – si se les deja entrar sin una orden, usted pierde algunos de sus derechos. Si ellos tienen una autorización que les permite buscar su propiedad, hay que dejarlos ; si tienen una orden de arresto, pero no una orden de cateo, usted puede ir afuera a reunirse con ellos – usted no tiene que dejarlos entrar a su casa, y no tiene que dejar que ellos, buscan en su hogar o a usted.

  • You have the right to remain silent. You have the right to consult a lawyer before answering any questions or signing any documents. If you are arrested, recite this statement: “Pursuant to INA 292 and 8 C.F.R. 1240.42, I respectfully decline to answer any questions. I respectfully decline to sign any documents until I have spoken with my attorney.”
  • Usted tiene el derecho a permanecer en silencio. Usted tiene el derecho a consultar a un abogado antes de contestar preguntas o firmar cualquier documento. Si usted es arrestado, recite esta declaración: “de conformidad con la Ley INA 292 y 8 C.F.R. 1240.42, respetuosamente negarse a responder a cualquier pregunta. Yo respetuosamente declinó firmar ningún documento hasta que he hablado con mi abogado.”

  • Do not answer any questions. Do not tell them where you were born, or how/when you entered the United States. Do not sign any documents without consulting a lawyer first.
  • No contestar ninguna pregunta. No le diga donde naciste, o cómo/cuando entró en los Estados Unidos. No firme ningún documento sin consultar a un abogado.

  • Do not consent to letting any officer search you or your home.
  • No de su consentimiento para permitirles buscar usted o su hogar.
  • Do NOT show them any identification documents that show what country you are from, and NEVER show them false identification documents!
  • No demostrarles nigun documento de identificación que muestran qué país sois, y nunca mostrar documentos de identificación falsos!

  • Even if you do not have an immigration attorney, you have the right to contact one. Getting arrested by ICE does not mean the end of your case. Discuss this with your family and friends now, and make sure they have the numbers for good immigration lawyers that they can call in case you are arrested.
  • Incluso si usted no tiene un abogado de inmigración, usted tiene el derecho a ponerse en contacto con uno. De ser detenida por ICE no significa el final de su caso. Hable de esto con su familia y amigos, y asegúrese de que tengan los números de buenos abogados de inmigración que puedan llamar en caso de que sean detenidos.

  • Have a list of phone numbers written down so you can take them with you if you are arrested. You have a right to make one free telephone call after you are arrested.
  • Tenga una lista de números de teléfono escrito para que usted pueda llevarlos con usted si usted está detenido. Usted tiene derecho a hacer una llamada telefónica gratuita después de que son detenidos.

  • Keep records proving your presence in the U.S., including leases, pay stubs, bills, or any other documents with your name, date, and address in the U.S. These records should be kept in easily accessible place in your home. If you have been in the U.S. more than two years, be prepared to state when you entered the U.S.
  • Mantenga registros demostrando su presencia en los Estados Unidos, incluyendo arriendos, comprobantes de pago, facturas, o cualquier otro documento con su nombre, fecha y dirección en los EE.UU. Estos registros deben estar  en lugares accessible  en su hogar. Si  ha esta dentro de los EE.UU. más de dos años, debe de estar dispuesto a declarar cuando entró en los EE.UU.

  • If an order of deportation was entered against you in absentia (meaning the order was issued against you by an immigration judge without you being present) you may have the right to file a motion to reopen that order and possibly prevent deportation. Be sure to consult an immigration lawyer about this.
  • Si una orden de deportación fue introducido en rebeldía contra usted(es decir, la orden fue emitida contra usted por un juez de inmigración sin que usted se presente) usted puede tener el derecho a presentar una moción para reabrir esa orden y posiblemente prevenir la deportación. Asegúrese de consultar a un abogado de inmigración acerca de esto.

  • If you have a fear of being harmed in your home country, tell the immigration officers immediately. You may have the right to speak to an asylum officer to determine whether you qualify for asylum or withholding of removal.
  • Si usted tiene un temor de ser perjudicados en su país de origen, dígale a los funcionarios de inmigración inmediatamente. Usted puede tener el derecho de hablar con un funcionario de asilo para determinar si usted califica para asilo o la suspensión de la extracción.

Here is an link to a National Immigration Law Center explaining your rights at home and work in case of an immigration raid: https://www.nilc.org/imm_enfrcmt_homework_rts_2008-05.html

Aquí hay un enlace a un National Immigration Law Center explica sus derechos en el hogar y el trabajo en caso de una redada de inmigración: https://www.nilc.org/imm_enfrcmt_homework_rts_sp_2008-05.html

An immigration attorney packs a suitcase made of silver and brown leather beore boarding an airplan to travel abroad

An Immigration Attorney Abroad

Being an immigration attorney, one gets to meet people from all over the world. The lives of our clients provide a unique opportunity to be aware of world cultures and world events. Often the things that divide us and the things that uplift us are more shared than not. The desire to provide a safe, loving environment for our families, the need to be able to trust our governments, the hope of a better future for our children and the dream of calling a small part of the earth as our very own, all connects us in ways that we are often quick to overlook. And yet, when it comes to the immigration debate, we cut corners and allow the news media, the politicians and our own insecurities drive the narrative. One reason for this may be that many Americans never venture outside of the US. That really needs to change.

Traveling the world is a remarkable thing. Little else provides such prospective. These journeys provide the opportunity to understand that there is room for celebrating both assimilation as well as differences. An added, yet important, benefit is that American travelers are provided a glimpse into how other countries view the U.S. Understanding how the world views us is essential if we are ever going to get past our current state of affairs: a government that does not function, a media that does not inform, systems that do not value education, the elderly, the poor or our military vets. The residents of countries abroad all ask, “how long can they let this continue?”

Stepping out of the U.S., it becomes evident that there are countries where the right of the people and the work of the government seem more aligned. In those places the government works for the people and the people demand more of each other. While no country is perfect it is refreshing to see courtesy, respect and understanding from, individuals, corporations and the government itself.

There are immigrants in every country. Traveling abroad promotes an understanding that the dreams we have are really no different from one another. It also shows that there are a variety of immigration systems that may provide an answer to America’s broken immigration system. Systems that value cultural diversity while setting up an orderly and timely process that allows individuals to avoid reacting out of desperation. People, as a general rule, want to do the right thing, in the right way, for the right reasons. That need is in our global DNA.

Writing this from half way around the world, it seems clear that America has lost its way. Sitting in a nation where the headlines are more concerned about the well being of its people as opposed to the most recent Kardashian crisis, America has much to ponder.

When Opportunity Knocks, Answer the Door

For the last 10 years, the people have waited. Waited for Congress to provide a solution for the millions in need of immigration reform. Families have waited. Businesses have waited. And yet, still, nothing. It is unlikely that relief is coming any time soon.

The reality is that there is no simple solution to the immigration law controversy. The world is facing a refugee crisis that includes millions of people who cannot return home. Gangs, poverty, extremists and corruption become inescapable shadows for a people searching for a safe haven. Despite the humanitarian emergency, countries struggle to find answers.

In the US, immigration has always been an issue that is used by politicians to divide. Each generation of immigrants that arrives, rushes to try and pull the bridge up behind them. Despite being a nation of immigrants, the US is at constant war with its identity. The reasons behind this disharmony are deeply rooted and complicated.  And yet, when opportunity knocks, even ever so softly, so many fail to answer the door.

In 2012, frustrated with yet another stalled Immigration bill, the President mandated that certain people who were brought to the US as children, if they met the criteria, be shielded from the threat of deportation. This relief, commonly referred to “DACA”, guaranteed work authorization and an opportunity for a stable life. With the ability to obtain work, a social security card and a driver’s license, it gave DACA eligible individuals their identity.

Over half a million people came out of the shadows into the light. Contributing to the economy and their communities, they finally had a tangible glimmer of hope. And yet, so many, many more, simply did not apply. It makes little sense.

Sometimes opportunity only knocks once. The next election is about 13 months away and as the clock ticks down the Obama Presidency, the future has never been so uncertain. With so many unknowns, those who remain DACA eligible but still have not applied, need to act quickly. Those who remain unsure or unconvinced, need to seek out the help of an immigration lawyer or a competent immigration law firm and seek answers.  Time is running out.  When opportunity knocks, open the door. Opportunity may just be about to leave.

Supreme Court Reverses Deportation Decision for Possessing a Sock

Court rules defendant cannot be deported for “sock” possession, supporting trend to protect lawful permanent residents from strict immigration law punishments and deportation.

On Monday June 8th Sharma-Crawford Attorneys at Law saw their legal theory and years of groundwork it invested in the Mellouli v. Lynch case justified. The Supreme Court reversed the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) decision to deport Moones Mellouli, a lawful permanent resident with deep ties in the U.S. Ginsburg, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which Roberts, C. J., and Scalia, Kennedy, Breyer, Sotomayor, and Kagan, JJ., joined. Thomas, J., filed a dissenting opinion, in which Alito, J., joined.

“My initial reaction is that The Supreme Court’s decision is a continuation of a promising trend to limit the review of conviction records, protect the due process rights of immigrants, and protect them from the often harsh punishments of immigration laws,” states Rekha Sharma-Crawford a partner in Sharma-Crawford Attorneys At Law, LLC, an immigration law firm based in Kansas City, Missouri.

Mellouli v. Lynch centered on critical legal issues: what crimes make a lawful permanent resident deportable and how a court should make that determination based on conviction records.

Moones Mellouli was facing criminal charges brought on after he was stopped for a DUI. During the booking process, police allegedly found four Adderall pills located in Mellouli’s sock. He retained the service of a criminal defense attorney to assist. The criminal defense attorney, mindful that non-citizens face very different consequences than citizens when it comes to criminal charges, contacted Rekha Sharma-Crawford, and Sharma-Crawford Attorneys At Law, LLC became involved.

Mellouli, a green card holder, faced the potential for unraveling his status and life in the U.S. solely based on those four pills.

“Working with defense counsel, we worked to craft a plea agreement that was just and fair given the conduct and other mitigating factors. The prosecutor agreed. Mellouli was convicted with a single count of possession of paraphernalia, namely, his sock, a misdemeanor under Kansas law,” explains Rekha.

Based on this conviction, DHS still believed that Mellouli was subject to deportation. To be a deportable offense, the conviction must relate to a controlled substance listed on the federal list of controlled substances. But, the documents in Mellouli’s criminal case did not identify the drug type involved.

“Since Kansas has some substances on its list of controlled substance that are not on the federal list, we argued that Mellouli could not be deported, and he should be able to stay in the U.S. as a permanent resident. The immigration court did not agree,” says Rekha. “We appealed to the Board of Immigration Appeals. We lost again. Undeterred, we appealed the case to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals, the appropriate appellate court based on where the immigration court is located.”

The Eighth Circuit again sided with DHS in saying that deportation was proper for someone who was only convicted of possessing a sock so long as the sock had anything to do with a controlled substance.

Rekha states, “We did not think any these decisions were correct. We believed that given the specific language of Mr. Mellouli’s conviction and the existing case law, DHS had not met its requirements under the law. We pushed forward.”

Similar arguments have been written about and debated at length, and cases are argued often in the circuit courts of appeal. However, only 1 percent of petitions filed with the Supreme Court are accepted for oral argument. From June 30, 2011 and July 2, 2012, 7654 petitions were filed with the Supreme Court; only 66 were accepted. The Mellouli v. Lynch case, which began in a small Johnson County courtroom and experienced several defeats in lower courts, was one of the very few argued in the U.S. Supreme Court.

“Often times the cases that make the cut have been deliberately and methodically nurtured along the way. We enlisted the help of the Kate Evans at the Center for New Americans, a nonprofit organization at the University of Minnesota. Everyone worked hard, narrowing the arguments to present in the most compelling way. People and organizations around the nation wrote amicus briefs, helped edit the Supreme Court briefs and worked to prepare Jon Laramore for the argument. With so many working together, we were hopeful that the Supreme Court could be convinced to hear the case despite multiple losses,” explains Rekha.

The Supreme Court’s reversal of the DHS’s decision to deport Mr. Mellouli for sock possession supports the trend to protect lawful permanent residents from strict immigration law punishments and deportation. While the ruling of the case’s outcome was positive, the fact that the case made it all the way to the Supreme Court after so many defeats is a victory on its own and for immigrants.